A System development process works on numerous working standards, different company frameworks, various methodologies, modeling tools and different Languages. Normally, the System development process has the common standards everywhere; the only difference is the way it is followed. It is very necessary to have a proper procedure for website development projects & software development projects too. The procedure for website development can be penned in the following steps.
Analysis is the commencing action at the threshold of any project. It is a universal fact that, client has various creative ideas for the developing their project. Thus once the client has put forward their ideas, the next step that lines up is the Analysis. Analysis of the requirements put forward by the client is mandatory to provide the time frame for the project and understand the exact functioning of the project. It is necessary to analyze project covering all the aspects on how the website is going to work and how it is going to benefit your business. Then comes the resources that will be invested on your project. We need to analyze the software, hardware and manpower to be used for the project during the time of analysis. Taking an example, if a company wants to sell its products online, then the analysis team may first analyze the current database if any, or make up documentary frame of how the database will be developed. Thus, providing the best competitive cost for the web project. During analyzes the analyst conducts the following actions:
After Analysis, comes documenting all the discussions that have been taken place. It is vital to pen down all the discussion, chatting, and documentation done during the analysis process. Craft a project functionality document which contains all the requirements of the Web project with all the diminutive details along with future requirements as well as the costing details. It will create better understanding about the system to be developed. The Larger the projects higher the level of consultation will be required to assess additional business and technical requirements.
After Spec building, commences the designing and development of the website. After signing the proposal, a schedule is designed to start working on the project. This Process has two different processes namely Designing & Developing.
This process includes giving a new look to your website. Designing a web layout for your website is Photoshop and then preparing a prototype from the web layout. It includes all the activities heading towards the architecture of the website including the function flow of the website. In this process there are a lot many suggestion and modifications from the side of the clients. These modifications are made in the prototype in order to facilitate the development procedure to the developer. However, all the modifications and changes are taken note of in the development procedure.
Development is the consecutive step after designing. In this phase the complete prototype is set into the coding frame structure. All the functionality prepared in the Specification and documentation is now converted into actual product by way of programming. It includes all the various activities like integrating the code, database files and content into various modules. Even in this procedure, constant client interaction takes place. All the client suggestion are taken into consideration and notes are made during this stage too.
After the above phases of the development cycle comes the turn of the Programmers. The Programmers have to now start integrating the design with their code. The developer can take the help of a designer in order to understand the website design. The developer should take care of the fact that he should integrate the design to his coding without disturbing the look and feel of the website. The developer should learn the navigation of the website design. The designer needs to be a helping hand to the developer in case need arises of any graphics changes to be made in the website. If a team of developers are working on the project, the project leader is to be assigned. The project leader has to take care that all the developers working on the project maintain the CSV file for the source code. The coding team has to maintain and manage all the documentation for the project. This is because proper documentation is useful for the remaining stages of the development cycle. The documentation prepared during this process is passed on to the technical writer so that it can be used to prepare the technical manual for the website site.
On the completion of the coding stage, starts the testing of the website. Distinct from software, web based applications are addicted to testing. It is necessary to test the web based application intensively as the applications function as multi-user system. Testing a project consist of various things like testing at the time on integration, resolution testing, cross browser compatibility testing. Testing is both manual and automatic. There are many online tools that are available to test the web based applications. The job of the tested does not stop after the testing the complete code. The next comes making the project live and launching the site on internet. After making the site live, the tester is still liable to conduct the testing activity in order to confirm that the website is 100% bug free.
The phase of promotion is also referred to as web marketing. This phase applies only to the website. Promoting website includes creating meta tags, constant analysis and submission of the URL in various search engines and other directories. Promoting a website is not a one day process. It is a continuous process. It depends on different strategies of different search engines. One has to take utter care while conducting the promotion activities. One cannot haphazardly keep submitting the websites to search engines as all the search engines have become strict with their submission rules. Timely submission at proper intervals is the best option. Also frequent updating of the contents on the website help in promoting and bring rank to the website. Frequent updating of contents keep the website fresh with new contents to read, every time the search engine crawls your website. There are other ways PPC and paid submissions which help you market your website on net
Developing and launching your website is not the final step of the website development. A website keeps updating every now and then to keep it fresh. Moreover over constant updating and maintenance helps remove the bugs in the website. Once your web site starts operating, updating on regular basis is necessary depending on the size and complexity of the organization.
All the above mentioned steps of the Web development life cycle are not the same always. It may vary according to the company’s policy and strategy.